Archive:20th Century Biographical Dictionary, Volume 1
The Twentieth Century Biographical Dictionary of Notable Americans. 10 vols. Rossiter Johnson, ed., Boston: The Biographical Society, 1904. [A corrected edition of The Cyclopedia of American Biography (1897-1903) and Lamb's Biographical Dictionary of the United States (1900-1903).] (Republished by Gale Research Company, Book Tower, Detroit, 1968) Library of Congress Catalog Card Number: 68-19657. Vol I: A--Browne.
Henry Mitchell Whitney, A.M., Professor in Beloit College.
ANDERSON, Elbert Ellery, lawyer, was born in New York city, Oct. 31, 1833, and was graduated at Harvard college, 1852. He was admitted to the bar in 1854, and practised in New York city. He was one of three commissioners appointed by President Cleveland to examine into the relations of the Union Pacific and Central Pacific railways to the U. S. government, and wrote the majority report. He was for several years counsel to the committee which conducted successfully the re-organization of the Missouri, Kansas and Texas railway. He was originally a member of Tammany hall, but defected and aided in forming the county democracy, co-operating in the movement with W. C. Whitney, Abram S. Hewitt and Edward Cooper. In 1894 he was made receiver of the Chicago, Peoria, and St. Louis railroad. After determining the condition of the road he resigned the receivership in order to save to the creditors the expense of his salary, which was $6000 a year. In 1875 he was chosen one of the trustees of the public schools of New York city. He died in New York city. Feb. 24, 1903.
BELLOWS, Henry Whitney, clergyman was born in Boston, Mass, June 11, 1814. After a preparatory course at Round Hill school he attended Harvard college, graduating in 1832. He pursued a theological course at the Cambridge divinity school, and became pastor of the First Unitarian Congregational church in New York city in 1839. This church was afterwards known as the Church of the Unity, and later as All Souls church. He was a gifted orator and attained celebrity both as preacher and lecturer. His writings are distinguished for their clearness and purity of style. He established in 1846 a weekly Unitarian publication entitled The Christian Inquirer, and was also connected with the Liberal Christian and the Christian Examiner. He received the degree of D.D. from Harvard in 1854. He was president of the U.S. sanitary commission, of which great charity he was a prime mover and to which he gave much of his time during the continuance of the civil war and thereafter until 1866. Dr. Bellows was a broad-minded and philanthropic man, full of zeal for his profession, but also entering fully into the public life of his day with large interest and sympathy. His lectures were mainly upon social topics, some of them being delivered at the Lowell institute, Boston, and afterwards published. He issued in 1860 a volume of twenty-five sermons entitled "Restatements of Christian Doctrine," and a book of travels, "The Old World in its New Face; Impressions of Europe in 1867-1868" (2 vols., 1868-'69). Among his other books are: "Historical Sketch of the Union League Club of New York" (1879), and "Twenty-four Sermons Preached in All Souls Church, N.Y., 1865-1881" (1886). He was pastor of All Souls church, New York city, until his death, Jan. 30, 1882.
BLAKE, Eli Whitney, educator, was born in New Haven, Conn., April 20, 1836. He was graduated at Yale in 1857, after which he attended for a year the Sheffield scientific school, and passed several years in Europe, studying chemistry and physics in the universities of Heidelburg, Marburg, and Berlin. Returning to America he was made professor of chemistry and physics in the University of Vermont and State agricultural college in 1866-'67. From 1868 to 1870 he was professor of physics and mechanic arts at Cornell university, and during a portion of the same time was acting professor of physics at Columbia college. From 1870 to 1895 he filled the chair of physics at Brown university. He was a Fellow of the American association for the advancement of science, and a member of other scientific bodies. He died Oct. 2, 1895.
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