Archive:Civil War Pension File, Crosby C. Whitney
Civil War Pension File of Crosby C. Whitney
Widow: Rose Whitney
Invalid Application #719415, Certificate #505096
Widow Application #911220, Certificate #674436
National Archives Building, Washington, D.C.
Private, Co. D, 6th Maine Infantry
Crosby C. Whitney signed a Declaration for Original Invalid Pension on 25 July 1889 from Grand Traverse County, Michigan. He is forty-six years old and a resident of the Village of Walton, Grand Traverse County, Michigan. He was enrolled on 13 March 1862 in Company A of the 15th Regiment of Michigan Infantry commanded by John M. Oliver. He was honorably discharged at Little Rock, Arkansas on 13 August 1865. He describes himself as 46 years old, 5 feet 11 ½ inches in height, dark complexion, dark hair, and blue eyes. While in the service and in his line of duty at Shilo Spring, Tennessee on or about 25 April 1862, he was taken sick with chronic diarrhea. About the 13th of August, he was taken with the same disease. On or about 20 November 1864, he was hit with a piece of shell under the left shoulder. The above diseases and wounds have left him generally debilitated. He was treated in the following hospitals: 4th Division Hospital near Shilo Springs in April, May and June 1862, and at Bolivar, Tennessee in the hospital. Since leaving the hospital he has resided in Grand Traverse County, Michigan, where his occupation has been as a scaler. Prior to enrollment in the military, he had been a farmer.
Crosby also filed a History of Claimant's Disability form in answer to a Pension Office Circular. Added to his previous testimony is that for seventeen years immediately preceding his enlistment, his post office was Burr Oak, St. Joseph County, Michigan, where he was a farmer. After discharge, he had lived until October of 1879 in Burr Oak. Since 17 October 1879 he has resided in Walton, where he has been a farmer. His disease is as previously described. He was wounded about 20 December (sic) 1864 near the Ogeechee River in Georgia. He received medical treatment from Dr. J. J. McConkie of Cedar Rapids, Iowa from 1879 to 1887.
In a further affidavit, Crosby supplied testimony concerning his shoulder wound. He states that the injury caused by the shell fragment causes severe pain in the left breast at times, and soreness all the time. If he takes cold, it always settles in his left side, and if he strains by lifting or any other cause, it results in severe pain, dizziness, or fainting spells. When he has a cold or those severe pains, he is kept from work of any kind. Light work is all he can do at any time.
There is testimony from Stephen H. Whitney, who was in the same company in the army. He testifies that they were intimately acquainted, and both lived in Burr Oak, Michigan. He corroborates Crosby's story of his physical disability.
The physical examination in support of the claim shows Crosby to be 46 years old, 5 feet 11 ½ inches in height, and weighs 205 pounds. The examination does not support the claim of disability due to then shell fragment wound.
Crosby was pensioned at two dollars per month for chronic diarrhea. He applied for many increases in benefit over the years. In a 1903 application, he is described as 58 years old, 239 pounds in weight, with a fair complexion, gray eyes, and brown hair. He was then employed as a railroad crossing guard. He was residing at 508 East Avenue in Jackson, Jackson County, Michigan.
On 8 March 1898, Crosby responded to an inquiry from the Bureau of Pensions. He is married to Rose Whitney, maiden name Rose Negus. They had been married 27 June 1866 at Three Rivers, St. Joseph County, Michigan by E.H. Lothrop. They each have a marriage certificate. Their living children are: Lennie Whitney, born 23 August 1867; Robert J. Whitney, born 17 June 1871; Clifford C. Whitney, born 24 November 1876;, and Glen Whitney, born 8 October 1880.
Crosby C. Whitney was last paid at twelve dollars per month to 4 December 1908, and was dropped from the pension rolls because of his death on 18 December 1908.
Rose Whitney signed a Declaration for Widow's Pension from Jackson County, Michigan on 5 January 1909. She is sixty-three years old, and a resident of Jackson, Jackson County, Michigan. She asks for the accrued pension due the soldier from his date of last payment until he died. She had been married to the soldier under the name Rose Negus at Three Rivers, Michigan on 27 June 1866 by Esq. Thorp, J.P. (sic). Neither had been previously married. The soldier died at Jackson, Michigan on 18 December 1908. She resides at 508 East Ave., Jackson, Michigan.
In the file is a copy of the marriage record filed by John C. Joss, County Clerk of St. Joseph Co., Michigan. E. H. Lothrop, J.P., certifies that at the public house of Leonard Fisher in the Village of Three Rivers, on 27 June 1866, he joined in marriage Mr. Crosby C. Whitney of Burr Oak, age 23 years, and Miss Rose Negus of Burr Oak, age 23 years. The marriage was witnessed in the presence of Stephen Whitney and Warren Whitney of Burr Oak.
Rose supplied the testimony of two witnesses who supported the fact that Crosby and Rose were married, and lived as a married couple until he died. The witnesses were her sisters: Emma Whitney, age 68, and Julia Utter, age 58.
Rose was certified for a pension. She was last paid at twelve dollars per month to 4 June 1916, and was dropped from the pension rolls because of her death on 26 July 1916 in Jackson, Michigan.