Archive:Encyclopedia of American Biography of the Nineteenth Century

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Herringshaw, Thomas William, Herringshaw's Encyclopedia of American Biography of the Nineteenth Century. (Chicago: American Publishers' Association, 1902)

COOMBS, CHARLES WHITNEY, musician, composer, was born Dec. 25, 1859, in Bucksport, Maine. In 1892 he took charge of the music in the Church of the Holy Communion of New York city. He is the author of The Vision of St. John; Hymn of Peace; and Song of Judith.

MELVILLE, HENRY, soldier, lawyer, author, was born Aug. 25, 1858, in Nelson, N. H. He was associated with United States senator Roscoe Conkling until the latter's death. In 1898 he was captain of Company A in the eighth regiment of the New York volunteers in service during the war with Spain. He is the author of Ancestry of John Whitney.

MORRISON, MRS. MARY J. WHITNEY, author, poet, was born June 13, 1832, in Saccarappa, Maine. She is the author of Stories True and Fancies New.

WHITNEY, MRS. BELLE ARMSTRONG, journalist, author, was born Sept. 27, 1861, in Boston, Mass. She is editor of The Gentlewoman of New York City. She is the author of The Art of Dress.

WHITNEY, HENRY CLAY, lawyer, state senator, author, was born Feb. 23, 1831, in Detroit, Maine. He was an intimate friend of Lincoln from 1854 until his death; and in 1861-65 was paymaster in the United States army. In 1871-72 he was state senator of Kansas. He is the author of Life on the Circuit with Lincoln; Marriage and Divorce; and also many essays on Lincoln.

ALLEN, LYMAN WHITNEY, clergyman, poet, was born in 1854, in St. Louis, Mo. He graduated from Washington university in 1878, and prepared for the ministry at Princeton Theological seminary. This eminent presbyterian clergyman is chiefly known as the author of many gems of religious verse, which have appeared in standard publications.

BELLOWS, HENRY WHITNEY, clergyman, author, was born June 11, 1814, in Boston, Mass. He was a Unitarian clergyman of prominence in New York City, well known at one time as the president of the United States sanitary commission. He was the author of Restatements of Christian Doctrine; Sermons; Relation of Public Amusements to Public Morality; and The Old World in Its New Face. He died Jan. 30, 1882, in New York city.

BLAKE, ELI WHITNEY, inventor, was born Jan. 27, 1795, in Westborough, Mass. The ideas that he originated still characterize the forms of American locks, latches, casters, hinges, and other articles of house-furnishing hardware wherever manufactured. His crusher is now used in all parts of the world for breaking ores, road metal, and similar purposes. Mr. Blake was one of the founders, and for several years president, of the Connecticut Academy of Science. He is the author of Original Solutions of Several Problems in A rodynamics. He died Aug. 18, 1886, in New Haven, Conn.

BLAKE, ELI WHITNEY, educator, was born April 20, 1836, in New Haven, Conn. He has been professor of chemistry in the University of Vermont, at Cornell, at Columbia, and at Brown. He is a fellow of the American association for the Advancement of Science, and member of other scientific bodies, to whose proceedings he has frequently contributed valuable papers.

EDGREN, AUGUST HJALMAR, soldier, educator, author, was born Oct. 18, 1840, in Sweden. He is a Swedish scholar who came to the United States in 1862, and served for a time in the federal army, and afterwards in the Swedish army. Since 1884 he has been professor of languages in the University of Nebraska. He is the author of Complete Sanskrit Grammar; German and English Dictionary (with William D. Whitney); The Literature of America (in Swedish); Public Schools and Colleges of the United States; Swedish Literature in America; and American Antiquities.

FIELD, MRS. CAROLINE LESLIE WHITNEY, author, poet, was born in Massachusetts. She is a writer of Guilford, Conn., and the author of High Lights, a novel; The Unseen King, and Other Poems.

PHOENIX, STEPHEN WHITNEY, benefactor, author, was born May 25, 1839, in New York city. He left his books relating to heraldry and genealogy to the New York Historical society, together with a legacy of $15,000, the income of which is to be invested in books on kindred subjects. His curiosities, works of art, pictures, and coins, to the Metropolitan Museum of Art; and his general library of books, to be known as The Phoenix Collection, to Columbia, with $500,000 for technical use, eventually, in the school of mines. He died Nov. 3, 1881, in New York city.

PROCTOR, WILLIAM LAWRENCE, lumber merchant, was born March 26, 1837, in Washington, N. H. He received the rudiments of his education in the district schools; attended Tubbs' Union academy; and finished with two terms in the New London academy. In 1857 he worked for his uncle at Burlington, Vt., in the lumber business; and two years later continued in the same business at Ogdensburg, N. Y. He has filled all the important offices in that city, and was its mayor in 1871-74, and 1884, and in 1886; and since 1887 has been one of the managers of the St. Lawrence State hospital. In 1888 he was the presidential elector, and cast his vote for Benjamin Harrison for president. In 1896 he was a delegate to the republican national convention; and since 1882 has been one of the republican state committeemen. Since 1882 he has also been one of the superintendents of the poor; and trustee and president of the Ogdensburg cemetery since 1880. Since 1857 he has been respectively, employee, manager, vice-president and president of the Skillings, Whitney and Barnes Lumber company.

RYAN, THOMAS F., capitalist, was born Oct. 17, 1851, in Blue Ridge, Va. In 1886 he joined hands with William C. Whitney in securing and consolidating the various street surface railroads in New York, which now comprise the large system owned by the Metropolitan Traction company. He is a director in the Southern railway, the Hocking Valley, the Flint and Pare Marquette and the Georgia Central railroads, the Metropolitan Traction company, the Consolidated Traction company, the Bank of New Amsterdam, and many other corporations of like nature. The success of his business career, culminating in a fortune estimated at several millions, is obviously due to indomitable will power, unrelenting perseverance and breadth of mental vision.

WATERMAN, THOMAS WHITNEY, lawyer, author, was born June 28, 1821, in Binghamton, N.Y. He is a lawyer of Binghamton who, besides editing many legal works, has written The Civil Jurisdiction of Justices of the Peace in New York; Civil and Criminal Jurisdiction of Justices in Wisconsin and Iowa; Principles of Law and Equity; The Law of Set-Off; The Law of Trespass; The Law Relating to Specific Performance of Contracts; and The Law of Corporations other than Municipal.

WHITNEY, MRS. ADELINE DUTTON TRAIN, author, was born Sept. 15, 1824, in Boston, Mass. She has lived at Milton, Mass., for many years. She is the author of Friendly Letters to Girl Friends; Faith Gartney's Girlhood; The Gayworthys; A Summer in Leslie Goldthwaite's Life; Hitherto; We Girls; The Other Girls; Real Folks; Sights and Insights; Odd or Even?; Bonnyborough; Boys at Chequasset; Homespun Yarns; Ascutney Street; A Golden Gossip; Patience Strong's Outings; Mother Goose for Grown Folks. She has also written The Open Mystery: A Reading of the Mosaic Story; Just How, a Key to the Cook Books; and in verse, Pansies; Daffodils; Holy Tides; Bird Talk; and White Memories.

WHITNEY, ANNE, sculptor, poet, was born Sept. 2, 1821, in Watertown, Mass. She is a sculptor and poet of Boston. Her only volume of Poems appeared in 1859. Bertha is her best known poem.

WHITNEY, ASA, merchant, author, was born in 1797. He was in mercantile business in New York city. He was the author of A Project for a Railroad to the Pacific; and A Plan for a Direct Communication Between the Great Centers of Populations of Europe and Asia. He died in August, 1872, in Washington, D.C.

WHITNEY, CASPAR, journalist, author, was born in 1861 in Massachusetts. He is a journalist of New York city, a prominent advocate of amateur sports; and the author of A Sporting Pilgrimage; and On Snow Shoes to the Barren Grounds.

WHITNEY, CHARLES S., railroad president, was born Feb. 9, 1824, in Gallipolis, Ohio. He is president of the Bradford and Western Pennsylvania railroad at Belmont, N.Y.

WHITNEY, ELI, inventor, was born Dec. 8, 1765, in Westborough, Mass. The first of his inventions was the cotton gin, which he was stimulated to devise by the widow of Nathaniel Green. He afterward reaped a fortune by his various improvements on fire-arms; the manufacturing of which became the origin of the flourishing village of Whitneyville, Conn. He died Jan. 8, 1825, in New Haven, Conn.

WHITNEY, EUGENE, author, was born Dec. 11, 1838, in Mendon, Mass. His compositions include cantatas, choruses, part-songs and songs. He died Jan. 27, 1889, in Burlington, Vt.

WHITNEY, FREDERIC AUGUSTUS, clergyman, author, was born Sept. 13, 1812, in Quincy, Mass. After doing missionary work, he was pastor at Brighton, Mass., in 1843-59, and afterward lived in that town without a pastoral charge. He published Historical Sketch of the Old Church at Quincy; and Biography of James Holton, founder of the Holton library, Brighton. He died Oct. 21, 1880, in Brighton, Mass.

WHITNEY, GEORGE, clergyman, author, was born July 2, 1804, in Quincy, Mass. He was pastor of churches in Roxbury. He published Some Account of the Early History and Present State of the Town of Quincy, Mass., of which he was preparing an enlarged edition at the time of his death. He died April 2, 1842, in Jamaica Plain, Mass.

WHITNEY, GEORGE J., railroad manager, was born Jan. 26, 1819, in Verona, N.Y. In 1857 he built the Whitney elevator, one of the largest erected up to that time.

WHITNEY, JAMES AMAZIAH, chemist, author, was born June 30, 1839, in Rochester, N.Y. He is an agricultural chemist; and the author of Relation of the Patent Laws to Development of Agriculture; The Chinese and the Chinese Question; Shobab, a Tale of Bethesda in verse; Sonnets and Lyrics; and The Children of Lamech.

WHITNEY, [JOSEPH] ERNEST, educator, author, was born in 1858 in Connecticut. He is an instructor in English for some years at Yale university; and the author of Poems of the Pike's Peak Region.

WHITNEY, JOSIAH DWIGHT, educator, geologist, author, was born Nov. 23, 1819, in Northampton, Mass. He was a professor of geology at Harvard university from 1865, and state geologist of California in 1860-74. He was the author of The United States; The Metallic Wealth of the United States; Barometric Hypsometry; Polypetal┬Á; and Gamopetal┬Á; Contributions to American Geology; Names and Places, Studies in Geography and Topographical Nomenclature; Geological Survey of California; Yosemite Guide Book; and Geological Survey of Iowa. He died in 1896.

WHITNEY, LEVI LINCOLN, manufacturer, legislator, was born Jan. 20, 1858, in Princeton, Mass. In 1881 he was elected and served as a member of the Massachusetts state legislature; and in 1889 became a state senator.

WHITNEY, MRS. LOUISA GODDARD, author, was born Dec. 17, 1819, in England. She was the author of The Burning of the Convent; and Peasy's Childhood, an Autobiography. She died May 13, 1882, in Cambridge, Mass.

WHITNEY, MILTON BURRALL, lawyer, legislator, was born Oct. 6, 1825, in Granville, Mass. He received the rudiments of his education in the public schools of his native city; was fitted for college, with Rev. Dr. Timothy M. Cooley; graduated from Williams college in 1849; and admitted to the bar at Springfield, Mass., in 1853. In 1862-63 he served as Massachusetts state senator from western Hampden district, serving on several important committees. In 1868 he was a presidential elector; in 1880 was a delegate to the republican national convention; and during 1881-97 was a member of the Massachusetts state board of education. He is one of the foremost lawyers of New England at Westfield, Mass.

WHITNEY, MYRON W., singer, was horn Sept. 5, 1836, in Ashbury, Mass. In 1876 he was the principal solo-singer at the opening exercises of the Centennial exhibition in Philadelphia. Since that year he has sung in his native country, and has appeared in nearly all the May festivals held in different cities of the union.

WHITNEY, ORSON F., clergyman, author, poet, was born July 1, 1855, in Salt Lake City, Utah. For many years he was editor of The Deseret News of Utah; and was later city treasurer of Salt Lake City. He is a bishop of the Mormon church; and the author of History of Utah, in three volumes; and a volume of Poetical Writings. He is also a constant contributor to the leading newspapers and magazines of the United States.

WHITNEY, PETER, clergyman, author, was born Sept. 6, 1744, in Northborough, Mass. He was a congregational clergyman, pastor at Northborough, Mass., in 1767-1815; and the author of History of Worcester County. He died Feb. 29, 1816, in Northborough, Mass.

WHITNEY, THOMAS RICHARD, journalist, congressman, author, was born in 1804 in New York city. He served two years in the assembly of New York; devoted much of his life to literary pursuits, having been at one time editor of the New York Sunday News. He was the author of a poem called the Ambuscade, and a political work entitled The American Policy Vindicated. He was a representative in congress from New York from 1855 to 1857. He died April 12, 1858, in New York city.

WHITNEY, WILLIAM COLLINS, lawyer, secretary of navy, was born July 15, 1841, in Conway, Mass. In 1872 he was appointed inspector of schools in the city of New York. In 1875 was appointed corporation counsel of the city of New York; and was re-appointed in 1876 and 1880. In 1885 he became secretary of the navy in the cabinet of President Cleveland.

WHITNEY, WILLIAM DWIGHT, philologist, was born Feb. 9, 1827, in North Hampton, Mass. He was a philologist of eminence, professor of Sanskrit at Yale university from 1854, and of comparative philology, also, from 1870. He edited The Century Dictionary; Language and the Study of Language; Compendious German Grammar; Oriental and Linguistic Studies; Life and Growth of Language; Essentials of English Grammar; Sanskrit Grammar; Practical French Grammar; Roots, Verb Forms, and Primary Derivatives of the Sanskrit Language; and Max M ller's Science of Language. He died in 1894.

Copyright © 1999, 2006, The Whitney Research Group

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