Archive:The Court Case of Thomas Whitney the Younger
Sometime in 1621, Thomas Whitney "the younger" of St. Margaret's Parish, Westminster, hit and insulted George Cranstone of the parish of St. Martin in the Fields, London. On 26 Nov 1621, both were released on what amounts to bail, which was paid not only by themselves, but by friends and family members as well to guarantee that they would appear in court. Those backing Thomas Whitney were (probably his father), Thomas Whitney "the elder" and Frances Beale, who had just the year before married Alice Whitney in St. Margaret's, but whose relationship to the Thomas Whitneys is unknown.
A "Writ of supersedeas" was issued for the release of Thomas Whitney on 9 Jan 1622. Thomas Whitney the younger was indicted in 1622 and failed to show up in court - he was listed "at large" and his Recognizance (bail) document marked with the word "default".
Recognizance:; George Cranstone of St. Martin in the Fields, gent. (£40), Robert Brotherstone of St. Margaret, Westminster, shoemaker (£20) and John Wadel of St. Margaret, Westminster, tailor (£20) for the appearance of George Cranstone at the next sessions and to keep the peace, especially regarding Thomas Whitny the elder and the younger of St. Margaret, Westminster, yeomen; Taken before: Gabriel Grante - ref. WJ/SR(NS)5/049 - date: 19 James I  26 Nov
01 __ Md quod vicesimo sexto dio Novembris Anno regin domini Jacobi nunc Regis Anglie &a xixo Coram Gabriel Grannte sacre theologie doctare uno Justia? 02 &a Georgius Cranstone de parochia Sancto Martin in Campis genofus assumpsit & seipo subpena quadraquinta librarum Robertus Brotherstone de parochia 03 Sancto Margarete Westminister shoemaker Johannes Wadel de eodem Tayler manuceper pro x? dco Georgio Cranstone _udelt _terg~ dorum sepatum sub pena 04 viginti librarum leglis monete Anglie de bonis et catallis terris er tentis sins ad opus et _sum dco domino Regis hered &a freri et levari &a 05 The condicion of this recognisance is suche that yf George Cranstone doe appeare att the next Sessions holden for the Cittie of Westm 06 & the liberties thereof and in the meane tyme keepe his Majesties peace towards his majestie & all his large people & especially towards 07 Thomas Whitny tholder and the younger -- of St Margarets Westm yeomen & shall nott to departe without licence of the Courte thense
__ Md Whereas twenty-sixth day of November in the 19th year of our lord King James currently King of England __ Before Gabriel Grannte, Doctor of Theology uno Justia? __ George Cranstone of the parish of St Martin in the Fields, Gent. assumpsit & seipo subpoena £45 Robert Brotherstone of the parish of St Margarete Westminister, shoemaker; Johannes Wadel of the same (parish), taylor bail pro x? dco Georgio Cranstone _udelt _terg~ dorum sepatum sub pena £20 legal money of England de bonis et catallis terris er tentis sins ad opus et _sum dco domino King hered __ _reri et levari zu(?)
The condition of this recognisance is such that if George Cranstone do appear at the next Sessions held for the City of Westminister & the liberties thereof and in the meantime keep his Majesty's peace towards his majesty & all his large people & especially towards Thomas Whitney the older and the younger -- of St Margarets Westminister yeomen & shall not to depart without license of the Court thense
Recognizance:; Thomas Whitny the younger of St. Margaret, Westminster, yeoman (£20), Thomas Whitny the elder of St. Margaret, Westminster, yeoman (£10) and Francis Beale of St. Margaret, Westminster, haberdasher (£10) for the appearance of Thomas Whitny the younger at the next sessions and to keep the peace, especially regarding George Cranstone of St. Martin in the Fields; Taken before: Gabriel Grante; Annotated: Defaulted - ref. WJ/SR(NS)5/050 - date: 19 James I  26 Nov
01 __ Md quod vicesimo sexto dio Novembris Anno regin domini Jacobi nunc Regis Anglie &a xixo Coram Gabriel Grannt sacre theologie doctare uno 02 Justar _o Thomas Whitny Jun de parochia Sco Margaret Westm yeoman assumpsit & seipo sub pena viginta librarum Thomas Whitny Sen 03 de eodem yeoman et Francescus Beale de eodem haberdasher manuceper x _ dco Thoma Whitny juniore didelt uterg_oo_ sepatum sub 04 pena decem librarum leglis monete Anglie de bonis et catallis terris er tentis sins ad opus et usum dco dni Regis hered &a freri __ 05 levari &a 06 The condicion of this recognisance is suche that yf Thomas Whitny the younger doe appeare att the next sessions holden for the Cittie 07 Of Westm & the liberties thereof and in the meane tyme keepe his Majesties peace towards his majestie and all his large people and 08 Especiallie towards George Cranstone of St Martyns in the fields & nott to departe the Courte without licence then __ 09 5-50 (in pencil) 28 default WJ/SR(NS) 5/50 (in pencil) Gabriel Grante
Writ of supersedeas; for release of Thomas Whitney of St. Margaret, Westminster - ref. WJ/SR(NS)5/118 - date: 19 James I  9 Jan
01 Jacobus dei gracia Anglia Gracia ffrancie & hibernio Rex fidei defensor et custod~ patis duo __ Com midd~ __ Vit~ ____ in 02 com Ranon custode~ patis due nisat civitat Westm~ & Johannes Davies de parochia 03 ___ ___________ Wells _____ des parochie sti Andree holborne & Joh~es _obters de parochia Sti Clementis _____ ______ 04 nob~ in cancellar~ ___ personaliter constitut sub pena quadrag____ libratum & ______ 05 Whitney parochie Ste margarete Westminister etatis octodecem Annoum 06 ____ ___ de corpore suo a_t de 07 quouismodo. 08 suis ad apus 09 10 11 executo_ quo______ ____ ____ sen _________ ____ ___ 12 13 14 _____ & non alia detuieatas ni 15 pena centum libra_ millittenus sunittattis 16 ___ Angl~ ffrancia & hib~io decimo nono? & Scotis quinquagesimo quinto
Indictment:; Thomas Whitney of St. Margaret, Westminster, yeoman on 16 Nov  insulted and struck George Cranson; Endorsed: True bill; Annotated: At large - ref. WJ/SR(NS)5/120 - date: 
01 Thomas Whitney Junnor ___ de parocia Sto Margarete 02 Collegiat beati ______ westm~ Civit Burg et villa Westm~ in Com~ Midd~ 03 ______ sextodecimus die novembris anno regini du____ Jacobi Dti gracia Anglia Francie et hibernia Regis fidei __ 04 defensor et decominouvet Scotie quinquagesimo quinto vier _____ apud parochiam ___ infra lib___ ___ 05 ___ in et fuch quond___ Georgi_ Cranson 06 07 08 09 Samuel _ro_d Georgius Cranson 10 _____ et d____t_t s___. Thomas _hroo__