Archive:Census Records

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Archives > Census Records

The Whitney Research Group has compiled an extensive amount of content from census records for members of the Whitney families.

All existing U.S. census records that have been released to the public (1790-1940) are now available via subscription from Ancestry.com. Ancestry includes scans of all pages, and all of these records have every-name indexes. Existing U.K. census records 1841-1901 are similarly available. For a quick index of Ancestry census records, see Ancestry Census Record Links.

By Year

Census records or their substitutes are available for the following years: Before 1790, 1790 (and 1791), 1800, 1810, 1816, 1818, 1820, 1825, 1830, 1836, 1837, 1840, 1841, 1842, 1845, 1850, 1851, 1852, 1853, 1854, 1855, 1856, 1860, 1861, 1865, 1866, 1870, 1871, 1880, 1881, 1885, 1889, 1890, 1891, 1892, 1895, 1900, 1901, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.

By Location

Census records or their substitutes are available for the following locations:

United States of America

Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Military, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming, Guam and Samoa, Military, Panama Canal Zone, Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands.

United Kingdom

England, Scotland, Wales, The Isle of Man, The Channel Islands.

Canada

New Brunswick, Northwest Territories, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Quebec.

Extracts

Key
[1810] -- schedules missing or destroyed
(1800) -- substitute for missing schedules
1800P -- partial schedule, rest missing or destroyed
1850 -- link to index
1840 -- index not examined
1820 -- no WHITNEY individuals listed
1860M -- mortality schedule
1890V -- veterans schedule

The following records have been transcribed:

1771 (Massachusetts tax list), 1790, 1800, 1810, 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880, and 1890.

The following records are currently being transcribed:

1900, 1910, 1920, and 1930.

Indexes

The following indexes are also available:

State Population Schedules Other
USA 1790 1800 1810 1820 1830 1840 1850 1860 1870 1880 1890 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 Pre-1790
AL [1820] 1830 1840 1850 1860 1870 1880 1890P 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 1818 1850 (State) 1855 1866
AK [1890] 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940
AZ 1860 1870 1880 [1890] 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940
AR (1820) 1830 1840 1850 1860 1870 1880 [1890] 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940
CA 1850 1860 1870 1880 [1890] 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940
CO 1860 1870 1880 [1890] 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 1885M
CT 1790 1800 1810 1820 1830 1840 1850 1860 1870 1880 [1890] 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 Pre-1790
DE (1790) 1800 1810 1820 1830 1840 1850 1860 1870 1880 [1890] 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940
DC 1800 [1810] 1820 1830 1840 1850 1860 1870 1880 1890 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940
FL (1820) 1830 1840 1850 1860 1870 1880 [1890] 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 1885M
GA (1800) (1810) 1820 1830 1840 1850 1860 1870 1880 1890P 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940
HI [1890] 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940
ID 1870 1880 [1890] 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940
IL 1810P 1820 1830 1840 1850 1860 1870 1880 1890P 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 1855, 1865
IN [1810] 1820 1830 1840 1850 1860 1870 1880 [1890] 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940
IA (1830) 1840 1850 1860 1870 1880 [1890] 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 Multiple years 1836-1925
KS 1860 1870 1880 [1890] 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 1855
KY (1800) 1810 1820 1830 1840 1850 1860 1870 1880 1890VP 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940
LA 1810 1820 1830 1840 1850 1860 1870 1880 1890V 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940
ME 1790 1800 1810 1820 1830 1840 1850 1860 1870 1880 1890V 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 Pre-1790, 1837
MD 1790 1800 1810 1820 1830 1840 1850 1860 1870 1880 1890V 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940
MA 1790 1800P 1810 1820 1830 1840 1850 1860 1870 1880 1890V 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 Pre-1790, 1771, 1855, 1865
MI [1810] (1820) 1830 1840 1850 1860 1870 1880 1890V 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 1845, 1884
MN 1850 1860 1870 1880 1890V 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940
MS 1820 1830 1840 1850 1860 1870 1880 1890V 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 1816, 1841, 1845, 1853, 1866
MO [1810] [1820] 1830 1840 1850 1860 1870 1880 1890V 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940
MT 1870 1880 1890V 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940
NE (1850) 1860 1870 1880 1890V 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 1885M
NV 1860 1870 1880 1890V 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940
NH 1790 1800P 1810 1820P 1830 1840 1850 1860 1870 1880 1890V 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 Pre-1790, 1776
NJ (1790) 1800P (1810) (1820) 1830 1840 1850 1860 1870 1880 1890V 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940
NM 1850 1860 1870 1880 1890V 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940
NY 1790 1800 1810 1820 1830 1840 1850 1860 1870 1880 1890V 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 1845, 1855, 1865, 1875
NC 1790 1800 1810 1820 1830 1840 1850 1860 1870 1880 1890V 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 Pre-1790
ND 1860 1870 1880 1890V 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940
OH (1800) 1810P 1820 1830 1840 1850 1860 1870 1880 1890V 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 Pre-1790
OK 1890V 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940
OR 1850 1860 1870 1880 1890V 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940
PA 1790 1800 1810 1820 1830 1840 1850 1860 1870 1880 1890V 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940
RI 1790 1800 1810 1820 1830 1840 1850 1860 1870 1880 1890V 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 Pre-1790
SC 1790 1800 1810 1820 1830 1840 1850 1860 1870 1880 1890V 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 Pre-1790
SD 1860 1870 1880 1890V 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 1885, 1885M, 1905, 1915, 1925, 1935, 1945
TN [1790] [1800] 1810P 1820P 1830 1840 1850 1860 1870 1880 1890V 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940
TX (1840) 1850 1860 1870 1880 1890V 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940
UT 1850 1860 1870 1880 1890V 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940
VT 1791 1800 1810 1820 1830 1840 1850 1860 1870 1880 1890V 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 Pre-1790
VA (1790) [1800] 1810P 1820 1830 1840 1850 1860 1870 1880 1890V 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940
WA 1850 1860 1870 1880 1890V 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940
WV 1870 1880 1890V 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940
WI (1820) 1830 1840 1850 1860 1870 1880 1890V 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940
WY 1870 1880 1890V 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940
Guam 1920 1930 1940
Indian Territory 1890V 1900
Military [1890] 1900 1910 1920 1930
Panama Canal Zone 1920 1930 1940
Puerto Rico 1910 1920 1930 1940
Samoa 1920 1930 1940
Virgin Islands| 1920 1930 1940
British Isles 1841 1851 1861 1871 1881 1891 1901
England 1841 1851 1861 1871 1881 1891 1901
Scotland 1841 1851 1861 1871 1881 1891 1901
Wales 1841 1851 1861 1871 1881 1891 1901
Isle of Man 1841 1851 1861 1871 1881 1891 1901
Channel Islands 1841 1851 1861 1871 1881 1891 1901
Canada 1842 1851 1861 1871 1881 1891 1901
Alberta 1881 1891 1901
Manitoba 1871 1881 1891 1901
New Brunswick 1842 1851 1861 1871 1881 1891 1901
Northwest Territories 1842 1851 1861 1871 1881 1891 1901
Nova Scotia 1842 1851 1861 1871 1881 1891 1901
Ontario 1842 1851 1861 1871 1881 1891 1901
Prince Edward Island 1881 1891 1901
Quebec 1842 1851 1861 1871 1881 1891 1901 1825, 1831
Bermuda c1789

Census Resources

Contains every-page scans of all U.S. & U.K. census records as well as every-name indexes. Subscription required (except for 1880, which is free).
Contains scans & indexes of selected census enumerations. Subscription required, but only available through organizations (such as your local library).
If you know the county and state, this gives you the microfilm roll number on which the schedule is recorded.
  • William Thorndale and William Dollarhide, Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses, 1790-1920 (Baltimore:Genealogical Publishing Company, 1987)
A must-have resource containing maps of each state/census year showing county names & boundaries then in place vs. those of today. Also contains information regarding which census enumerations are currently missing or destroyed.
  • U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of The Census, 200 Years of Census Taking: Population and Housing Questions, 1790-1990 (1992; reprint, Orting, WA: Heritage Quest, 1989)
An excellent source showing all questions asked on the U.S. Federal Census enumerations.
  • [Anonymous], RANDATA City Index, The Reliable Source to U.S. Places of over 100 People (Chicago: Rand McNally & Co., 1988)
This reference book is an excellent way to identify which county a location is currently located in.
This web page is an excellent way to identify which county a location is currently located in.
  • Ann S. Lainhart, State Census Records ([Baltimore]:Genealogical Publishing Company, 1992)
The definitive source for information on census enumerations at the state level.


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