Family:Whitney, Salmon (1760-1844)
He married, 22 Apr 1784, Templeton, MA, Hepsabeth Raymond, daughter of Jonathan and Susannah (White) Raymond. She was born 3 Jan 1762, Lexington, MA, and died 6 Dec 1850, Harvard, MA, aged 89 years, of palsy. She made her will 10 Nov 1845. It was probated 7 Jan 1857.
He was born in Harvard, where he always resided, was a farmer, and when the Revolutionary war broke out he enlisted at once. The first record of his enlistment that has been found was 10 Jul 1776, for 8 months' service at Dorchester Heights in Capt. Sawyer's County, from Lancaster. In 1777 he was in Capt. Joseph Sergeant's County, from Princeton, in Colonel Stearn's Regt. for service in Rhode Island. In 1780 he was a Lieut. in the company of Capt. William Scott. He was then 20 years of age, and 5 feet 7 inches in height.
- Salmon Whitney was a farmer. He built his house at the foot of Oak Hill.
The records of his Revolutionary War service are as follows:
- Whitney, Salmon, Harvard. Capt. Manasseh Sawyer's co., Col. Nicholas Dike's regt.; pay abstract for mileage from home to Dorchester Heights; mileage for 38 miles allowed said Whitney; warrant allowed in Council Sept. 13, 1776; also, Private, same co. and regt.; pay abstract for travel allowance, etc., home, dated Dorchester Heights, Nov. 30, 1776; said Whitney credited with allowance for 2 days (38 miles) travel; also, same co. and regt.; pay abstract for gun and blanket money dated Dorchester, Feb. 12, 1777; also, same co. and regt.; muster roll for Dec., 1776-Feb., 1777; enlisted Dec. 1, 1776; regiment raised to serve until March 1, 1777.
- Whitney, Salmon, Harvard. Capt. Joseph Sargent's co., Col. Josiah Whitney's regt.; pay abstract for mileage, dated June 22, 1777; mileage for 86 miles allowed said Whitney; also, Private, same co.; service from May 5, 1777, to July 12, 1777, 67 days, at Rhode Island; company drafted from Col. Whitney's and Col. Stearns's regts. and marched to serve under Gen. Spencer.
- Whitney, Salmon. Private, Capt. Samuel Hill's co., Col. Josiah Whitney's regt.; marched Aug. 19, 1777; service to Aug. 26, 1777, 6 days, including travel (55 miles) home; company marched from Harvard on an alarm at Bennington.
- Whitney, Salmon. Private, Capt. Aaron Jewett's co., Col. Job Cushing's regt.; enlisted July 27, 1777; discharged Aug. 29, 1777; service, 1 mo. 3 days; company raised in Littleton, Westford, Groton, Shirley, Townsend, and Ashby, and marched to Bennington on an alarm; also, Capt. Jewett's co., Col. Samuel Bullard's regt.; enlisted Aug. 29, 1777; discharged Nov. 29, 1777; service, 3 mos. 1 day, with Northern army; company marched to Saratoga; roll dated Littleton.
- Whitney, Salmon, Groton. Capt. John Minot's co., Col. Nicholas Dike's regt.; pay abstract for mileage to and from Dorchester Heights and travel allowance home; said Whitney credited with mileage for 82 miles and travel allowance for 2 days; warrant allowed in Council Nov. 30, 1776; also, Private, same co. and regt.; muster roll for Dec., 1776-Feb., 1777; enlisted Dec. 1, 1776; regiment raised to serve until March 1, 1777.
- Whitney, Salmon. Private, in a company commanded by Lieut. Amos Fairbank, Col. Job Cushing's regt.; entered service Sept. 6, 1777; marched Sept. 8, 1777; discharged Nov. 29, 1777; service, 3 mos. 5 days, under Brig. Warner, including 11 days (212 miles) travel home; company drafted from militia and marched to join Continental Army at the Northward.
- Whitney, Salmon. Private, Capt. Nathaniel Lakin's co., Col. John Jacobs's (Light Infantry) regt.; entered service Sept. 13 (also given Sept. 16), 1779; discharged Nov. 16, 1779; service, 2 mos. 8 (also given 2 mos. 3) days, at Rhode Island, including travel (100 miles) home; also, same co. and regt.; pay rolls for Sept., Oct., and Nov., 1779, sworn to at Newport.
- Whitney, Salmon, Groton. List of 6 months men raised agreeable to resolve of June 5, 1780, returned as received of Maj. Joseph Hosmer, Superintendent for Middlesex Co., by Justin Ely, Commissioner, dated Springfield; also, descriptive list of men raised to reinforce the Continental Army for the term of 6 months, agreeable to resolve of June 5, 1780, returned as received of Justin Ely, Commissioner, by Brig. Gen. John Glover, at Springfield, July 11, 1780; age, 20 yrs.; stature, 5 ft. 7 in.; complexion, light; engaged for town of Groton; arrived at Springfield July 9, 1780; marched to camp July 11, 1780, under command of Ensign Bancroft; also, list of men raised for the 6 months service and returned by Brig. Gen. Paterson as having passed muster in a return dated Camp Totoway, Oct. 25, 1780; also, pay roll for 6 months men raised by the town of Groton for service in the Continental Army during 1780; marched July 4, 1780; discharged Jan. 9, 1781; service, 6 mos. 16 days, travel (220 miles) included.
His will was dated 17 Jul 1843 and probated 21 Aug 1844. Salmon Whitney of Harvard, Worcester Co., MA. Executor Reuben Whitcomb, Jr. Wife Hepsebeth Whitney; son Salmon, $200; son Ephraim, $200; son Nathan, all wearing apparel; son Justin, chaise and wagon, land in Boxborough, Middlesex Co., MA, deeded to them by Mrs. Betsey Wright; son John, $100; grandson Salmon, $50 at age 21; daughter Persis.
Document dated 5 Nov 1844, "Salmon Whitney was a pensioner of U.S. He died, Harvard, 11 Aug 1844, left a widow Hepsibeth Whitney, Signed Reuben Whitcomb, Jr."
On his memorial tablet in the Harvard Cemetery are these lines which are much admired.
- "As for me, I will behold thy name in righteousness.
- I shall be satisfied when I awake in thy likeness."
He died in 1844; resided Harvard, Massachusetts.
Children of Salmon6 and Hepsabeth (Raymond) Whitney:
i. Salmon7 Whitney, b. 31 Jan 1788, Harvard, MA; m.(1) Eliza Sumner; m.(2) Alsa P. Pond. ii. Ephraim Whitney, b. 12 Jun 1791, Harvard, MA; m. Mary Ann Bird. iii. Nathan Whitney, b. 1 Aug 1793, Harvard, MA; m. Nancy Farwell. iv. Persis Whitney, b. 12 Aug 1796, Harvard, MA; d. 1 Nov 1868, Boxborough; "of Harvard" m. (int. 2 Dec 1821, Boxborough, MA) 2 Jan 1822, Harvard, MA, Simeon Wetherbee "Jr.", of Boxborough, MA; had dau. Caroline R. v. Justin Whitney, b. 24 Jul 1801, Harvard, MA; m. Mary Cushing Cotton. vi. John Whitney, b. 1 Sep 1803, Harvard, MA; m. Mary A. Jewett
- 1790, Harvard, Worcester Co., MA: Salmon Whitney, 1 male over 16, 2 males 0-15, and 1 female.
- 1800, Harvard, Worcester Co., MA: Salmon Whitney, 1 male 26-44, 1 male 10-15, 2 males 0-9, 1 female over 45, 1 female 26-44, and 1 female 0-9.
- 1810, Harvard, Worcester Co., MA: Salmon Whitney, 1 male over 45, 2 males 16-25, 1 male 10-15, 3 males 0-9, 2 females over 45, and 1 female 10-15.
- 1820, Harvard, Worcester Co., MA: Salmon Whitney, 1 male over 45, 2 males 18-25, 1 female over 45, and 1 female 16-25; 1 engaged in agriculture.
- 1830, Harvard, Worcester Co., MA: Salmon Whitney, 1 male 70-79 and 1 female 60-69.
- 1840, Harvard, Worcester Co., MA: Salmon Whitney, 1 male 80-89 and 1 female 70-79.
- 1850, Harvard, Worcester Co., MA:
135 161 Justin Whitney 48 M - Farmer $3000 Mass. Mary C. " 47 F - " James O. " 20 M - Farmer " Mary A. " 19 F - " Salmon " 17 M - Clerk " Attended school Harriet J. " 12 F - " Attended school George " 10 M - " Attended school Sarah " 8 F - " Attended school Ellen F. " 4 F - " Attended school Hepsabeth " 83 F - "
- All data imported from Frederick Clifton Pierce, The Descendants of John Whitney, Who Came from London, England, to Watertown, Massachusetts, in 1635, (Chicago: 1895), pp. 166-167.
- DAR Records. Member #92685 - Lorene Aurelia (Whitney) Hartshorn.
- Henry S. Nourse, History of the Town of Harvard, Massachusetts, p. 334.
1.^ "Salmon [Whitney], s. of Jonas Jr. and Zabudah, [born] Feb. 16, 1760," according to Thomas W. Baldwin, ed., Vital Records of Harvard, Massachusetts, to the Year 1850 (Boston, MA: Wright & Potter Printing Co., 1917).
2.^ "Salmon [Whitney], [died] Aug. 11, 1844, a. 84 y. Md. Comsumption," according to Harvard Vital Records. Also, "Massachusetts Vital Records, 1841–1910," from original records held by the Massachusetts Archives. Online database: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2004; volume 15, page 124.
3.^ "Salmon [Whitney] and Hepzibah Raymond, [married] April 22, 1784," according to Franklin P. Rice, ed., Vital Records of Templeton, Massachusetts, to the End of the Year 1849 (1907).
4.^ 50, page 110.
5.^ Elizabeth Annette (Hartshorn) Phillips, C.G.R.S., 1589-1989, Four Hundred Years and Thirteen Generations, One Line from John Whitney the Immigrant (1989), typescript; pp. 17-19. Cites Henry S. Nourse, A.M., History of the Town of Harvard, Massachusetts, 1732-1893 (Harvard: Printed for Warren Hapgood, 1893).
6.^ [[Archive:Massachusetts Soldiers and Sailors, Given Name S|Secretary of the Commonwealth. Massachusetts Soldiers and Sailors in the War of the Revolution, 17 volumes, Boston: Wright and Potter Printing Co., 1896- ], vol. 17, pp. 244-245.
7.^ Phillips, loc. cit., citing Worcester County Probate Records, File #65119.
8.^ Phillips, loc. cit., citing Worcester County Probate Records, File #65120.
13.^ "Percis [Whitney] of Harvard, and Simeon Wetherbee Jr., int. Dec. 2, 1821," according to Thomas W. Baldwin, ed., Vital Records of Boxborough, Massachusetts, to the Year 1850 (Boston, MA: 1915), p. 59.