Archive:The Ancestry of John Whitney, Chapter VIII, Part 2
Melville, Henry, A.M., LL.B., The Ancestry of John Whitney: Who, with His Wife Elinor, and Sons John, Richard, Nathaniel, Thomas, and Jonathan, Emigrated from London, England, in the Year 1635, and Settled in Watertown, Massachusetts; the First of the Name in America, and the One from Whom a Great Majority of the Whitneys Now Living in the United States Are Descended (New York, NY: The De Vinne Press, 1896).
224 The Ancestry of John Whitney The "Taylors" at an early date came to consider their title a misnomer and took steps to change it. Maitland, in his "History of London" (1756), tells how it came about. "Many of the members of the company being great merchants and Henry VII a member thereof, he, for his greater Honour, by Letters Patent of the eighteenth of his Reign, Anno 1503 reincorporated the same by the name of the Masters and Wardens of the Merchant Taylors of the Frater- nity of St. John the Baptist of the City of London."1 The exact form of the new name was "The Men of the Art and Mistery2 of Merchant Taylors of the Fraternity of St. John the Baptist." Maitland goes on to state that in his day "they consist of a Master, four Wardens, thirty-eight assis- tants and three hundred and ninety-four Livery men whose fine is twenty Pounds when admitted. To whom belongs a spacious and stately Hall in Thread- for many years and during the whole of the reign of Edward III the practice of reading and approving regulations went on in the Guild Hall. In 1303 thirty-two 'misteries' were recognized, most of which, and many others besides eventually blossomed out into full blown com- panies of the modern kind, having become wealthy enough to obtain royal charters. We find however few, if any traces of companies formed for the purpose of carrying on trade. The 'mistery' met for a different purpose, and was composed of men who traded each on his own account." Loftie, p. 113. 1 "This yere (XIX of Henry VII) the taylours sewyd to the Kinge to be called Merchant Taylours; whereupon a grete grudge rose among dyvers craftys in the Cyte agaynst them." "Arnold's Chronicle," p. xlii. 2 "The livery companies with their political and municipal power, are so far as I can ascertain peculiar to London. No other City has per- mitted such a development of its misteries and trades; nowhere else in England have chartered associations of the kind attained such wealth and power. The very word 'mistery,' often misspelled mystery, implies skilled knowledge or 'mastery' of a branch or industrial art. This mis- tery was nowhere else more fully acknowledged and respected." Loftie, p. 186.
The Ancestry of John Whitney 225 needle Street to treat the business of the Company in. They are possessed of a great Estate." Admission was secured only on vote of the com- pany, and payment of the "fine," and, in the ordinary case, the candidate must have been an "apprentice" to a member for at least seven years. In the century that elapsed between the reincor- poration and John Whitney's admission, the char- acteristics of the Merchant Taylors became less and less commercial and more and more social and political. They established a school and made it one of the best in England.1 They founded chari- ties which still flourish, and in many ways were a powerful influence for the advancement of civiliza- tion.2 In his day they were easily the leading livery company. We can obtain some idea of its position from an ac- count of an event that took place the year that he was apprenticed, recorded at page 352 in "A Survey 1 In 1555 Sir Thomas White, a past master of the Merchant Taylors' Company, founded St John's College, Oxford. In 1561 White, Rich- ard Hilles the then master, Sir William Harpur, and other promi- nent Taylors making at the same time liberal private contributions, induced their company to endow a school in London "for the better education and bringing up of children in good manners and liter- ature," providing that it "should have continuance by God's grace for- ever." Prior to that, the only public schools of any merit were St. Paul's, founded by Colet for 153 boys, and Westminster, founded by Queen Elizabeth, for 120. The Merchant Taylors offered room from the first for 250, and gave 100 free scholarships. Edmund Spenser, the poet author of the Faerie Queene, was one of the first pupils. Among the graduates have been many distinguished in the professions, including no less than four archbishops and twenty- nine bishops. An interesting account of the school appeared in the "Illustrated London News" for September 28, 1895. 2 The charities of the company now amount to over a quarter of a million dollars a year.
226 The Ancestry of John Whitney of the Cities of London and Westminster," by Robert Seymoure, published in 1735, as follows: July 16, 1607, the day of Election of Masters and Wardens of the Merchant-Taylors Company, that used to be kept with great Solemnity and Feasting, King James I, with Prince Henry and divers Honourable Personages, dined at Mer- chant-Taylors Hall, and were entertained with great Variety of Musick, Vocal and Instrumental, and Speeches. The King dined in the Chamber called the King's Chamber. Then the Master of the Company, John Swinnerton, attending with the four Wardens, and other eminent Aldermen and Citizens, after a Speech congratulatory made to him by Sir Henry Montague, Recorder, presented him with a Purse of Gold: And Richard Langley, Clerk of the Company, deliver'd unto his Majesty a Roll, wherein were enter'd the Names of such Kings and Nobles, and other great Persons that had been Free of their Company, Viz: Seven Kings, one Queen, seventeen Princes and Dukes, two Dutchesses, one Archbishop, thirty-one Earls, five Countesses, one Viscount, twenty-four Bishops, sixty six Barons and Lords. two Ladies, seven Abbots, seven Priests, and one Sub-prior, omitting a number of Knights, Esquires, &c. The King then said, that he was Free of an- other Company, yet he would so much grace the Company of Merchant-Taylors, that his eldest Son the Prince should be Free thereof; and that he would see and be a Witness, when the Garland should be put upon his Head. And then they resorted unto the Prince, who dined in the Great Hall; and the Company presented him with another Purse full of gold; and the Clerk deliver'd his Roll. And his Highness said, That not only himself would be Free of the Company, but many other of his Lords, and commanded one of his Gentlemen and the Clerk of the Company, to go to all the Lords present, and to require them that loved him, and were not Free of other Companies, to be Free of his Com- pany: And so were accordingly made Free twenty-two Earls and Lords, amid a great many other Knights and Es-
The Ancestry of John Whitney 227 quires; and of the Clergy, Dr. Montague, Dean of the Chapel, and Adam Newton, Dean of Durham, and the Prince's Tutor, and three Noblemen of the Low-Countries, Ambassadors to the King; Viz : John Berke, Lord in Gods- chalk Court, Counsellor of Dort; Sir John de Maldere, Knt. Lord of Heyes, &c. and Chancellor of Zealand; Sir Noel de Caron, Knt. Lord of Schoonwel, &c. Ambassador Ledger from the States. The Names of the English Nobles, that had their Freedoms of this Company granted them at this Time, were, the Duke of Lenox, the Earl of Nottingham, Lord Admiral; the Earl of Suffolk, Lord Chamberlain; the Earl of Salisbury, Principal Secretary to the King; and several other Knights and Gentlemen, Scotch and English. There have been about 18 Lord Mayors of this Company."1 When, therefore, Thomas Whitney thus apprenticed young John, his eldest surviving son, he gave him a good start in life and the best advantages his means afforded. A heavy premium, probably, had to be paid to his master in 1607, and another one to the company, when in 1614 the boy, at the age of twenty-one, was made "free." Though we cannot be certain that Mr. Pring was a cloth merchant, such was quite likely the case. There is little doubt that he was a merchant of some kind, and if so, he was of high standing in the com- munity or he could not have belonged to the Mer- chant Taylors Company. The apprentice did not "learn a trade," as we now understand the expression, but rather "served a clerk- ship" in the office of a large commercial house, where be learned to be a skillful penman and neat and ac- 1 It is to-day one of the so-called "Great Companies," with its Hall still in Threadneedle street.
228 The Ancestry of John Whitney curate accountant, of which we shall hereafter see so many evidences in the Watertown records. Soon after starting in business for himself, Whit- ney married. The Christian name of his wife was Elinor, but most diligent search, exhausting, as is believed, all sources of information in or near Lon- don, has failed to disclose her surname. Probably, as in the case of his younger brother Robert, who, ac- cording to the Harleian pedigrees, went to the west of England for a bride, the marriage ceremony was performed in some remote locality. Locating in Isleworth, he had born to him, as al- ready noted, Mary, in 1619 (named for her grand- mother), John, in 1621, and Richard, in 1623-24. There, later, in 1624, his brother Robert was appren- ticed to him, and soon after he moved away. Mary must have died before the embarkation, for she did not accompany her parents to America . She may be referred to in the following record of a burial in the parish of St. Mary Aldermary, London: 1626, Feb. 15, Mary, a child of John Whitney That this is so is rendered more probable by the fact that, among the baptisms of that parish, is 1627, Dec. 10, Thomas, sonn of John Whitne dwelling in Bowe lanne. The emigrant had a son Thomas who must have been born about this time. If he is thus located it indicates that the removal from Isleworth to "Bowe lanne" was not direct, for a Nathaniel is unaccounted for who, in age, came between Richard and Thomas. Bow Lane can still be seen, a short street leading
The Ancestry of John Whitney 229 from St. Mary Aldermary to Bow Church, where bang the famous bells. In 1632, according to the records of the Merchant Taylors, John Whitney filed the proper certificate to gain for Robert admission into the company, and prior to that, in September, 1631, he placed his eldest son, John, Jr., then a boy of ten, in the Merchant Taylors School, then the best educational institution in London, and still one of great distinction. The name appears in each annual catalogue till 1635, when the family started, in the little ship "Elizabeth and Ann," for their voyage to the far-away shores of New England. Jonathan was born about 1633, and it is possible that during this period of several years, when we do not know John's residence, he had one or two other children, who died in infancy. The causes that led him to leave forever his na- tive land are familiar history. The great Puritan emigration in which he joined was a natural result of the spirit of the age which had already caused the "Reformation," and then was developing into a struggle for a growth of civil and religious liberty under the British Constitution,--a struggle that in 1685 seemed hopeless. From 1629 till 1640 no parliament assembled in England, and every previously prevailing theory of right and justice was violated. Taxes were assessed without legislative sanction, and without regard to custom or equality. Monopolies of trade in the necessities of life were granted to royal favorites. Knighthood--before an honor--was forced upon every man of means for the sake of the fees thereby secured. "Forced loans" from the common people
230 The Ancestry of John Whitney were the order of the day. Men had to pay for or- dinary personal liberty, protection of property, and the privilege of earning their daily bread. By the King's proclamation country people were forbidden to enter London; all the shops on Cheapside, except the goldsmiths', were closed; the building of more houses was prohibited unless--and the rule was gen- eral--special leave was purchased. Then came the famous ship money, the inquisitional Court of High Commission, and a persecution of the Puritans that recalled Queen Mary's bloody reign. The Star Chamber was allowed to reduce a wealthy gentleman to poverty for merely sneering at the badge of a nobleman, and to sentence a clergyman to whipping, mutilation, and perpetual imprison- ment for expressing an unfavorable opinion of cer- tain bishops whose characters were worthy only of detestation. The majority of those who first settled Massachu- setts came there simply because the condition of affairs in the land of their ancestors had become unendurable.1 To one of the prevailing schemes for raising un- authorized revenues, perhaps, we are indebted for our knowledge of the exact time of the emigration. License to leave the kingdom had to be purchased, and in the Record Office a document containing the following is still on file: 1 "The bulk of the country party abandoned all hope of English freedom. There was a sudden revival of the emigration to New Eng- land, and men of blood and fortune now prepared to seek a home in the west. Oliver Cromwell is said by a doubtful tradition to have been prevented from crossing the seas by a royal embargo. It is more certain that John Hampden purchased a tract of land on the Narra- gansett."--Green's "History of the English People."
The Ancestry of John Whitney 231 9-10 Charles I., (1635) A Register of the names of all the Passengers passed from the port of London in this year, * * * * * * xiij Aprilis 1635. * * * * * * p. 24 In the Elizabeth & Ann Roger Coop, Mr. Theis pties hereunder expressed are to be imbarqued for New England having taken the oaths of Allegeance & Supremacie & like- wise brought Certificate both from the Ministers & Justices where their abidings were latlie of their conformitie to the discipline & orders of the Church of England & yt they are no Subsedy men.1 Husb. Robert Hawkynns ...... 25 Wm. Hubbard ................ 35 Jo: Whitney ................ 35 Tho: Hubbard ............... 10 Jo: Palmerley .............. 20 Tho: Eaton ................. 1 Richard Martin ............. 12 Maria Hawkynns ............. 24 Jo: Whitney ................ 11 Ellin Whitney .............. 30 Richard Whitney ............ 9 Abigail Eaton .............. 35 Nathaniell Whitney ......... 8 Sara Cartrack .............. 24 Tho. Whitney ............... 6 Jane Damand ................ 9 Jonathan Whitney ........... 1 Mary Eaton ................. 4 Nic Sension ................ 13 Marie Broomer .............. 10 Henry Jackson .............. 29 Mildred Cartrack ........... 2 Joseph Alsopp .............. 14 p 24d 15th Aprill 1635. In the Eliza: & Anne de Lon' mr Roger Cooper v' New England, Percy Kinge 24 yers a maid servant to mr Ro: Crowley. 1 See "The Original Lists of Persons of Quality * * *who went from Great Britain to the American Plantations, 1600-1700." Edited by John Camden Hotten, 1874.
232 The Ancestry of John Whitney 27 Aprilis 1635. Theis under written names are to be transported to New England, Roger Cooper Mr, bound thither in the Elizabeth & Ann, the pties have brought Certificate from the Minister at Westminster & the Justices of the Peace of his Confor- mitie the ptie hath taken the oaths of Alleg: & Suprem: a carpenter, Richard Brocke, 31 Daniell Preston, ............. 13 Edward Sall 24 p. 31d 29 Aprilis 1635, Theis under written names are to be transported to New England imbarqued in the Elizabeth & Ann Roger Coop Mr the ptie have brought Certificate from the Minster of the pish & Justices of Peace of their Conformitie to thor- ders & Discipline of the Church of England & yt they are no Subsedy men, Rich. Goard .................. 17 Joseph Faber ................ 26 a smith, Tho. Lord ........... 50 Tho. Pound .................. 21 uxor Dorothy ................. 40 Robert Lord ................. 9 Thomas Lord .................. 16 Aymie Lord .................. 6 Ann Lord ..................... 14 Dorothy Lord ................ 4 Wm. Lord ..................... 12 Josias Cobbett .............. 21 John Lord .................... 10 Jo: Halloway ................ 21 James Cobbett ................ 23 Jane Bonnet ................. 16 Wm. Reeve ................... 22 p. 32 oedem 29 Aprilis 1635 a Taylor Christopher Stanley 32 uxor Suzanna 31 Wm. Samond 19 It is to be noted that Whitney made his arrange- ments more than two weeks before the vessel sailed, which indicates that be was still living in or near London--and also that some of his fellow passen-
The Ancestry of John Whitney 233 gers were from "Westminster," and therefore quite likely acquaintances. It is also to be noted that the ages given were in- correct. The eldest son, John, born at Isleworth in 1621, then fourteen, is put down as eleven. His brother Richard, born at Isleworth in 1624, then eleven, is put down as nine. Elinor, who, according to the record in the first church at Watertown, was sixty when she died in 1659, must have been thirty- six instead of thirty, and JOHN himself, born in 1592, was forty-three instead of thirty-five. The fact that all are given too young, and the regularity of the scaling down, has suggested, in the minds of some, that the misstatement was inten- tional; but the advantage of falsification is not ap- parent, unless, under the regulations, there was some- thing to, be gained by having all the children under fourteen. Mr. Henry Austin Whitney, referring to the sub- ject, says: "That these lists were not always exact, and indeed were often purposely incorrect, we have many examples; and, in this instance, the ages were doubtless given too young through design, either to avoid some clause in the Subsidy Act or some of the many embarrassments thrown in the way of emi- grants." To the writer, however, it seems more probable that the recording of ages, which must have been solely for identification, was deemed a formality of little importance, and the clerk who made the me- morandum guessed at them from observation with- out troubling himself to ask questions. That this whole matter was carelessly attended to appears on the face of the record. It is evident that Mr. Whitney had not prior to
234 The Ancestry of John Whitney embarkation, publicly cut loose from the Church of England. This is not surprising, in view of the fact that a nonconformist could not depend on protection of either property or life. The same oppression that drove out the Puritans from 1630 to 1640, a few years later, led to a popular uprising that plunged the country into civil war and cost the King his head. The vessel did not sail till some time in May, which, allowing for a prosperous voyage, would bring it Boston Harbor about the first of July. Pushing on from there, the emigrant went a few miles up the Charles and settled at Watertown, within the limits of the present village, on high land, afterward, in consequence, called "Whitney Hill." This locality had been known by the Indians as "Pequusset" and was one of their favorite camping- grounds. When Governor Winthrop came over in 1630, with a large company of new settlers, Sir Richard Saltonstall, Rev. George Phillips, and a few families left the main body at Charlestown and went a few miles up the river and located farms upon its banks. Their settlement was at first known as "Saltonstall's Plantations," but after a few years it was formally named Watertown from its natural characteristics. The first houses were built east of Mt. Auburn Cemetery, toward Cambridge, on the spot where antiquarians think the Norsemen landed, long before the time of Columbus. With John and Elinor Whitney in 1635 came a comparatively large reinforcement of stalwart men and devoted women, who soon made the town as prosperous as any in New England. As Drake in his history of it well says:
The Ancestry of John Whitney 235 "Some of these emigrants were from the West of England, but the greater number came from London and its vicinity. They were Puritan Non-Conformists who, self-exiled from their native land, sought on an unknown shore that liberty of religious worship which had been denied them at home. They came to stay and their familiarity with husbandry or some useful handicraft, assured the permanency of their settle- ment. A nobler body of men or one better equipped physically and morally for the conquest of a wilder- ness and the founding of a new state, the world has never seen." They were of as high a class as any that ever came to New England, and in intelligence and social standing far superior to most of them Some, had been men of property and position at home, and had no reason for emigration beyond the intolerance of their religious belief.1 Though Puritans in sympathy, they wore not of the narrow, bigoted sort, and their 1 "Nor were the emigrants like the earlier colonists of the South, broken men, adventurers, bankrupts, criminals; or simply poor men and artisans like the Pilgrim Fathers of the Mayflower. They were in great part men of the professional and middle classes; some of them men of large landed estates, some zealous clergymen like Cotton, Hooker and Roger Williams, some shrewd London lawyers, or young scholars from Oxford. The bulk were God-fearing farmers from Lin- colnshire or the Eastern counties. They desired in fact 'Only the best as sharers in their enterprise,' men drawn forth from their fatherland not by earthly want, or by the greed of gold, or by the lust of adventure, but by the fear of God, and the zeal for a godly worship. But strong as was their zeal, it was not without a wrench that they tore themselves from their English homes. 'Farewell, dear England!' was the cry that burst from the first little company of emigrants as its shores faded from their sight. 'Our hearts,' wrote Winthrop's followers to the brethren whom they had left behind, 'shall be fountains of tears for your ever- lasting welfare, when we shall be in our poor cottages in the wilder- ness.'" Green's "History of the English People."
236 The Ancestry of John Whitney history is free from the blots now so much regretted in that of Salem and Boston. On March 8, 1636, by vote of the General Court of the colony, John Whitney was admitted a "free- man." Only church members and persons of high character and standing in the community could have this honor. Many settlers were never admitted. None but "freemen," however, were allowed to hold office or "vote for rulers." Upon the first page of the Town Records, which be- gan in 1634, is this: January 8, 1635. Agreed that no man being foreigner coming out of England, or some other Plantation, shall have liberty to sett downe amongst vs vnless he first have ye Consent of ye Freemen of the Towne. And a little later this, under date of December 13, 1635: Agreed by the Consent of the Freemen (in consideration there be too many Inhabitants in the Towne and the Towne thereby in danger to be ruinated) that no Foreigner comming into the Towne or any Family arising among ourselves shall have any benefitt either of Commonage or land vndivided but what they shall purchase except that they buy a man's right wholly in ye Towne. Under date of July 15, 1636, there is the first list of inhabitants in connection with a division among them of certain land. It is entitled "A Grant of the Great Dividends to the freemen and to all the townsmen then inhabiting, being 120 in number." Among these names we find those of many of the progenitors of the most distinguished American families. For ex- ample: "Adams, Bartlett, Bigelow, Browne, Brooks,
The Ancestry of John Whitney 237 Clarke, Coolidge, Dix, Dwight, Garfield, Hitchcock, Kimball, Lawrence, Philipps, Paine, Pendleton, Shaw, Sherman, and Saltonstall." On this occasion Whitney secured 50 acres. He had previously purchased a homestead of 16 acres, of which Henry Austin Whitney has this account: He purchased a 16-acre homestead, which had been granted to John Strickland, who was dismissed from the Watertown Church May 29, 1636, and was one of that colony from Watertown that went and planted Wethers- field, the oldest town on the Connecticut River. This home- stead was the permanent residence of Mr. Whitney. In 1668 he requested his youngest son Benjamin, who had settled in York, Maine, to return and live with him on the homestead with the assurance that it should be his own after his father's decease. In 1671, Benjamin, with his father's consent, conveyed his right and obligation in the homestead to his brother Joshua1, who had settled in Gro- ton, for £40. After the decease of his father Joshua re- turned to Groton and on the 20th of October, 1697, sold the ancient homestead to Deacon Nathan Fiske. He also purchased outright from another earlier settler a farm of one hundred and twenty acres. This is one of the largest tracts of land mentioned in the early records, for, situated in the primeval wilderness, it was a great undertaking to enclose arid improve even one acre. About 1640 there was made up the first "Inventory of Grants and Possessions," in which, at page 50, is the following: "JOHN WHITNEY SEN. 1. An Homestall of Sixteen Acres bounded the East with William Jennison the west with Martin Underwood the 1 Born in America.
238 The Ancestry of John Whitney North with Isaac Mixer & the South with William Jen- nison. 2. Two acres of Meddow in Beverbrook Meddow bounded the west with William Jennison & the South with the Brook. 3. Fifty acres of vpland being a great Divident in the 3 Division and the 16 Lott. 4. A Farme of One Hundred and twenty Acres vpland bounded the North with the Highway the East with Edward How & the west with Abram Browne. 5. Ten acres of Meddow in the remote Meddowes bounded the North with the highway the South with, his owne the East with Edward How & Garret Church. 6. Ten acres of Plowland in the hither Plaine and the 1 Lott. 7. One Acre of Meddow in Pond Meddow bounded the west with Isaac Sterne the South with John Stowers the East with the highway. 8. One Acre of Meddow bounded the west with Martin Vnderwood & the East with Lawrence Waters. 9. Eighteen Acres of upland beyond the farther Plaine & the 45 Lott." This made him one of the largest holders of real estate in Watertown. Out of that mentioned, and subsequent acquisitions, he, during his lifetime, made generous provision for his large family of sons. The location of "Whitney Hill," where he lived, is a matter of dispute. Without much doubt it was either where the stand-pipe of the water works is now erected, north of Mt. Auburn street, near Pal- frey street, or the hill a little distance away crossed by Lexington street. His broad acres indicate that, as compared with his neighbors, he was in comfortable circumstances. That he was held in the highest esteem by them is
The Ancestry of John Whitney 239 shown by the fact that they admitted him, as a "free- man" immediately on his arrival, and, in 1637, only two years after, elected him "selectman" and by re- elections continued him in office for several terms. Henry Austin Whitney states that he was contin- ually in office from 1637 to 1655. This is probably a mistake. At the top of the sixth page of the Town Records is this entry: Decembr. 30, 1637. These 11 Freemen Chosen to Order the civill affaires of ye Town for this yeare to come: Thomas Mayhew, Daniel Pattrick, John Whitney, Edmund James, John Firmin, John Stowers, Abram Browne, Ed- mund Lewis, Edward Garfield, Ephraim Child, Simon Eire. From 1643 to 1647 the records of the town are en- tirely lost. The first entry when they begin again is this, top of page 31: At a Generall Towne Meeting the 8 (9) 1647 ordered that John Sherman shall goe to the Courte to an- swer the complaynt of Robert Saltonstall. To order the prudentiall affayers of the Towne, Mr. Brisco: Joseph Bemis.. Willyam Hamant: John Sherman: John Whetny Sr.: Left Mason: Roger Porter: weare Chossen. Page 33: At a Mettinge of the seauen men at Mr. Whettnys the 30th (9) 1647. The list of all estates beinge taken in, by the seauen men, and the Comissioner: (before chosen) the town chose John Sherman to Drawe up the Rate for ye counstables to gather by: and also to send a list to the Treasurer, or the just sume of the whole estates of the Towne, &c.
240 The Ancestry of John Whitney Pages 71, 72: the 30 of January 1647 at a publike Towne-meeting * * * * * * Mr. Whetney is chosen to take the Inuoyce for the towne, &c. This "taking the invoice" seems to have been figuring out the amount of tax payable by each owner of property. It was a matter which Mr. Whitney attended to for many year's thereafter. He also appears to have been selected, on almost every occasion when such work was to be done, to audit the accounts of the other town officers. Very likely his business experience in England made him the best qualified for such work of any man in the set- tlement. There are incidental references to him on nearly every page which show that he was constantly ac- tive and in a variety of matters--for example, Page 80: At a generall Towne Meetinge the 10 day--10 month 1649 * * * * Granted to Tho. Arnall a Smalle patch of land neere his house abought six Rod: so as it prejudice not the highway: to be sett out by John Whetny, Seir. Page 84: At a meeting by the whole Towne the 16th of the (10) 1650 * * * Simont Stone, Ephraime Child, Thomas Hastings, Charles Chadwick, Samuel Thacher, Isaac Mexter, John Wittney were Chosen for the ordering of the towne affayres for the yeare following the psent date.
[Picture omitted] PAGE OF WATERTOWN RECORDS. Written by John Whitney, Town Clerk.